Athletes will experience physical injuries from time to time. Some athletic injuries differ depending on the kind of sports they play but there are common injuries to whatever type of games athletes play. Many of these athletic injuries result from falls and back related, such as slipped discs, back strains, and spine injuries. Other common injuries are sprains in the ankle and wrists, concussion and shin splints.
Here are the most common types of injuries, its symptoms and treatments and you will notice that the body parts most affected are the extremities:
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome involves some pain, numbness or weakness in the hands and wrists, and loosened grip strength. Here, the athlete should rest, apply ice, and a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug or NSAID and may be upon the recommendation of the doctor, a surgery if the injury last for more than 4 months.
- Tennis Elbow affects the outside of the elbow and the athlete may experience the injury as painful to touch or bump. The pain usually happens when the athletes shake hands or tries to pick up a thing. The athlete must rest, apply ice, and take NSAID. They may also opt to wear a strap around their upper forearm to help in the healing of the injury. Exercises should be done to strengthen the injured part.
- Rotator Cuff Tendinitis affects the shoulder part where the athletes experience pain when they lift their arms above their heads. The athletes must rest, use ice, and NSAID and some strengths and flexibility exercises.
- Chondromalacia Patella affects the knee part of the body where there is pain when they bend their knees, performing full squats or sitting for longer perod of time with their knees bent. The athletes must rest, apply ice, and take NSAID and do weight training programs to recover strength in their inner quads.
- Illiotibial Band Friction or ITBF Syndrome where the athletes feel pain just outside their knees or lower thighs. The athletes should rest, use ice, and a gentle stretching of the IT band and gluteal muscles and wearing of proper training shoes.
- Shin Splints occur when the athletes feel pain along the bones of their lower leg part. The athletes are advised to rest, apply ice, and take NSAID, and perform a slow training and do away with running to hard surfaces until the injuries are healed.
- Plantar Fasciities affects the heels and the bottom of the feet. The athletes will experience pain in those areas during the first few steps every morning and succeeding periods of inactivity. The athletes are recommended to rest, use ice, and do some massaging and stretching of the plantar fascia area. Some particular exercises can be performed to strengthen these areas.
- Achilles Tendinitis happens when the athletes feel pain in the heels and tightened calf muscles. The athletes must rest, apply ice, and take NSAID and stretching exercises of the calves and thighs.